Helen Kong

photography206.jpgPhotography derived from two ancient Greek words: φωτός (phōtos) meaning 'light' and γραφή (graphé) meaning 'drawing'. When combined together, it means 'drawing with light'. Photography is the art or process of producing images of objects on photosensitive surfaces. Also, it is the practice, or occupation of taking and printing photographs.

Different ways photography can be used:

  • taking photos to treasure memories that may be forgotten
  • benefit for scientists who use it to record and study movements
  • solving crimes, it could be a form of evidence
  • advertising to make big money
  • used for data storage
  • entertainment

Different industries that use photography:

  • virtually most businesses and industries use photography at some time in some sort of way
  • Some examples may include:
    • Sports
    • Widget manufacturers
    • Politics
    • Police
    • Insurance investigator
    • Building Contractors
    • Fashion
    • Web Design
    • Print
    • Fine Art
    • Advertising
    • Ebay
    • Crime Scene Investigator
    • Media

Different types/kinds/genres of photography:


From a plane, helicopter, balloon or other airborne device.
Adventure, Action

Adventure sports, daring feats, etc.

Any type of photography practiced by non-professionals.
Animal, Pet

Pets and their relationships with humans. Note that the human content is often as important as the animal.
Architecture, Real Estate

The art of making property appear attractive. Often involves panoramic photography.

Photography in which creative composition is the goal.

Space photography, through a telescope.

A controversial type of photography which some claim can photograph a person's aura. Often confused with Kirlian photography.
Black & White

Not simply photography without colour, black and white photography explores shapes, tones and textures. Shadows and highlights become much more important.
Camera Phone

"Convenience" photography using a mobile phone's built-in camera. While not the best quality, camera phones have opened a new world of spontaneous, on-the-spot photo opportunities.

Product shots, advertising, etc.

Photography through a telescope or binoculars.

Journalism, Events, Historical, Political, etc.

Concerts, parties, festivals, weddings, etc.

Police and legal photography.

Photography in which the recording medium is sensitive to infrared light rather than the normal visible light spectrum.
Large Format

For use on posters, billboards, etc.

A type of contact print photography in which an object touching a photographic plate is connected to a high voltage source, creating an aura-like image. Often confused with aura photography.

The art of photographing very small and/or close-up objects.

Specialized photography for clinical purposes, i.e. to help reveal and diagnose illness.

Any technique for photographing objects too small to be visible to humans.

Photographing objects to be converted into 3D models.

Landscapes, animals, plants, sea, etc.

Any technique used to capture images at night. Often includes infrared photography.

Views of wide areas, up to complete 360° panoramas.

Ghosts, unexplained phenomena, etc.

Candid, Family, Fashion, Glamour, Passports & Visas, Portrait, Pregnancy, School, Sports, Wedding

Uses the most basic type of camera possible — a box with a tiny hole to let light in.

Landscape, Cityscape

Views of Earth from orbit.

Any specialized photography used for scientific endeavour, e.g. electron microscopy photographs, medical photography, astrophotography, etc.

The specialized art of shooting people engaged in sports, games and adventure activities.
Stereoscopic (3-D)

Involves taking two photos simultaneously to simulate 3-D vision.

Photographs taken for distribution to other people, for use in their projects. These photos tend to be quite generic, e.g. people working, landscapes, places, etc.

Photographs with a very long exposure, used to illustrate something happening over time. A popular example is a street at night with car lights blurred into long lines.

Photography to showcase locations, illustrate travel literature, etc.

Photography in which the recording medium is sensitive to ultraviolet light rather than the normal visible light spectrum.

Any type of photography taken under water with a water-tight camera housing.
Urban, Industrial

Emphasizing urban environments.

Skills needed for different jobs and professions related to photography:

  • vision
  • technical skills
  • creativeness
  • patience
  • ability to look beyond the obvious
  • love of trial and error
  • appreciation of technology
  • sense of colour
  • sense of composition

Five Amazing Photographs

This photograph was very eye catching because of the creativeness used with the camera film to create a heart formation. This is a something that wouldn't been seen on a normal basis which makes it even more spectacular. This photo represents love or love for photography, but I believe it show love for photography because it includes a nikon camera. The lighting of this photo was used very appropriately since it brung out the image of the heart and camera very well. This photo is a close up shot and it shows details of the image very well.

This photo captures the beautiful wildlife and nature that exist around us. Many have not seen a close up of a butterfly but this photo clear shows the colours and designs of the wings that creates this beautiful creature. The lighting of this photo creates a bright image that is easy to see. This photo is a close up and captures a sharp view of the butterfly and the background is blurred to make the butterfly stand out more. As you can see, the rule of thirds is applied in this photo and the head of the butterfly is the intersection of one horizontal and vertical line.

In my opinon, this wedding photo is quite unique because the bridal prefers to take her photo at a open natural space rather than going to a professional photography to get her photo taken. This photo is very beautiful with the amazing natural landscape at the back beacause it brings out the beauty of the wedding dress and does not overpower it because of the colour contrasts. The background includes the sun's rays but it does not take away the focus in the foreground of the bridal. This pictures is a far shot because it captures a large area.

This photo caught my eye because this picture is very true since wearing glasses makes everything you see in HD whereas without it everything is more difficult to view. However, I believe there is another meaning to this photo, everyone wears glasses to see through things in life whether it is good or bad. Once again, the focus of this picture is everything within the lens and everything else is blurred. The lighting of the photo blends well and it doesn't take the focus away from the yellow flowers. This photo is from a high angle from above so the flowers can be shot with the stems showing.

This photo is really creative with they way they formed a peace symbol with six hands and thirty fingers. The bracelets on each wrist somewhat represents the theme of the picture. The lighting of this photo is well used because the peace symbol is put into the area that is the brightest which brings the eyes focus to it first. This photo is shot at a low angle from below to capture the sky and hands. Also, as you can see the arms are extending vertically which shows it was shot from a low angle. For this photo, the rules of thirds have been applied.

Photography tips and tricks:

-take your time to ensure everything is in the right place and the right angle
-trying applying rules of thirds into your photo
-plan a focus point
-experiment with the lighting until you are satisfied with your results.
-have a steady hand or use a tri-pod

-just take one photo and move on, take a few more to pick from
-try to have a big selection, don't just take black and white photos or blurry pictures on purpose
-you should not idle, take your camera everywhere you go since you might want to take a photo on something that you find on the go
-don't limit yourself, try something new
-don't copy other's work

Principle of design:

-balance: classifed as symmetrical (formal) balance and asymmetrical (infomal) balance, weighs the distrubution of a piece of art
-repetition (pattern):
-emphasis/focal point

Camera angles:

  • The Bird's-Eye view
  • High angle
  • Eye Level
  • Low Angle
  • Oblique/Canted Angle

Shot lengths:

  • Extreme long shot
  • Long shot
  • Medium shot
  • Close-up
  • Extreme Close-up (macro)

Types of lighting:

  • Backlighting
  • Side lighting
  • Top Heavy lighting
  • Full frontal lighting
  • All round lighting
  • Dusk or Dawn/Sunset Sunrises