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By: Alyson Naseer
What is photography?Photography is the art of practise of taking or processing photographs
where did it originate from?As far as can be ascertained, it was [[/wiki/Sir_John_Herschel|Sir John Herschel]] in a lecture before the [[/wiki/Royal_Society|Royal Society]]of London, on March 14, 1839 who made the word "photography" known to the world. The word photography derives from the [[/wiki/Greek_language|Greek]] φωτός (phōtos), genitive of φῶς (phōs), "light " and γραφή (graphé) "representation by means of lines" or "drawing", together meaning "drawing with light".

Where can photography be used?
Photography can be be used for anything for example: parties, family time, portraits, advertisements etc..
What are some industries/jobs that are involved with photography?
Some industries that are involved with photography are:graphic designersprofessional photographersnewpaper/ magazine companiesbook companies etc
What are the different kinds/types/genres/kinds of photography?
The different types of photography include :photojournalism, documentary photography, action photography, macrophotography, microphotography, glamor photography, underwater photography, art photography, advertising photography, travel photography, wedding photography and much more.
What are the skills needed for jobs involving photography?
You dont need any formal qualifications of degrees for photography, just a good eye, technical knowledge of the subject, patience, practice, sense of colour, sense of composition, ability to look beyond the obvious. (although a degree would put you in more of an advantage in obtaining a job)

Examples of photography:
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Amazing Photography
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This picture of tulips is really cool, and a amazing example of photography because the white tulip is the only one that is clear and the other ones are blurred out, making the white one the one that is in focus. The lighiting is not very bright only the white flower has more of a glow compared to the other ones that are blurred out.

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This picture is an example of amazing wildlife photography, the lighting is really great, the cheetah is in the centre of the photo making it
the main focus. The camera angle is low focuses up.

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This picture shows an artistic point of view when it comes to photography. The colours, texture and basically anything from the elements of design can be used to give a picture emotion what makes this photo amazing is that the lighting is really cool in which the sun is comming out from the trees making the sunlight reflect off the trees. The focus is really clear the whole photo is in focus

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This picture is an amazing example of good phototgraphy, it is an food photography and the food being being the two cakes are clear and the background being the wall and the end of the table is blurrred out making the cake and front of the plate the centre of attention.

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This is an example of amazing sports photography, because the football player in the blue is the centre of attention and the others around him are blurred out a bit putting the player in blue the main focus,




Photography do's and dont's (a guide for taking amazing photographs)

DO's
  • Frame the picture in your mind. Imagine it on your computer or a print. Move in close so you avoid the need to crop, or at least you have enough data to support cropping. Don't chop off body parts nor get too much sky
  • Hold the camera steady, perhaps bracing your body, or the camera, against a surface, particularly in dim light. Carry a mini tripod in your pocket and practice using it.
  • Turn the image stabilization ON, if your camera has it.
  • shoot as often as you can. Not everything will be usable, but the practice will make you a better photographer
  • Take lots of shots in the same subject, giving you a better chance of finding one you like
  • if taking a group photo make sure everyone is close enough to eachother so noone is cut out

Dont
  • Leave the flash on AUTO when taking distant shots. If the camera senses it is too dark, it will adjust for the 10 feet (3 meters) that the flash will illuminate, ignoring the focusing and brightness of distant objects, such as performers on a stage or mountains at sunset.
  • Don’t make one photo dependent upon another to complete a point, nor should you upload similar photos of the same model making similar expressions and gestures.
  • edit you photos, if doing so make sure you have the original copy





Principals of Design

Generally, all the principles of design apply to any piece you may create. How you apply those principles determines how effective your design is.The different types of principals of design are as follows:

  • Balance - The visual judgement of equality of objects in art. This can show things such as symmetry and asymmetry, as well as a "clean" picture as opposed to a messy, all over the place one.
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  • Repetition - The repetition/alteration of visual effects. Can be used to display patterns, trends, movement, etc.
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  • Dominance - Counteracts confusion and monotony, creating an interest. Can be applied to several different elements to create emphasis.
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  • Unity - Describes the relationships between individual parts and the whole of a composition.This gives the composition a sense of wholeness, but it can also break it apart and give the compostion a sense of variety.
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  • Harmony - Visually satisfying effect of combining similar, related elements.
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  • Graditation - Using graditation with the size and direction will make a linear perspective. Can be used in several different elements, such as colour, line and shading. It can also add movement to a design.
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  • Contrast - Creates a visual correlation between two different colours, shades, shapes or lines. Should mostly be used in or around the visual point of interest in a composition for that point to have a stronger emphasis than the rest of the composition, and to stand out more.
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Camera Angle
  • birds eye view - tends to make things look smaller
  • high angle side l
  • eye level -
  • low angle -tends to make things look bigger
  • oblique/tilted angle - the horizon is on an angle

Shot length
  • long short
  • medium shot
  • close up
  • extreme close up

Types of lighting
  • Backlighting
  • Side lighting
  • Top Heavy lighting
  • Full frontal lighting
  • All round lighting
  • Dusk or Dawn/Sunset Sunrises